Dental Tourism - Russia
Russia, also officially known as the Russian Federation, is a country in Eurasia. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world. Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and land forms. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally.
The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extreme southeast. Mountains in the south obstruct the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean, while the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences.
Ethnic Russians comprise 81% of the country's population. The Russian Federation is also home to several sizeable minorities. In all, 160 different other ethnic groups and indigenous peoples live within its borders. 81% of the population as ethnically Russian (Slavic, Germanic, Finnic other than Ugric, Greek, and others), and 19% as other ethnicities: 3.7% Tatars; 1.4% Ukrainians; 1.1% Bashkirs; 1% Chuvashes; 11.8% others and unspecified.
Over 50% of ethnic Russians identify themselves as Orthodox, of these, approximately 2–4% of the general population are integrated into church life (воцерковленные), while others attend on a less regular basis or not at all. Many non-religious ethnic Russians identify with the Orthodox faith for cultural reasons. The majority of Muslims live in the Volga–Ural region and the North Caucasus, although Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and parts of Siberia also have sizable Muslim populations. Other branches of Christianity present in Russia include Roman Catholicism (approx. 1%), Baptists, Pentecostals, Lutherans and other Protestant churches (together totaling about 0.5% of the population) and Old Believers. There is some presence of Judaism, Buddhism, and Krishnaism, as well. Shamanism and other pagan beliefs are present to some extent in remote areas, sometimes syncretized with one of the mainstream religions.
Russia is served by an extensive system of automatic telephone exchanges connected by modern networks of fiber-optic cable, coaxial cable, microwave radio relay, and a domestic satellite system; cellular telephone service is widely available, expanding rapidly, and includes roaming service to foreign countries.
There are three mobile phone service brands that cover all Russia: Beeline, MegaFon and Mobile TeleSystems. The access points (AP) are built in long-distance telephone exchanges (LDTEs), Russian fixed-line communication infrastructure which is present in every province. As a result, interconnecting mobile operator only needs to create "last kilometer" circuits to the regional LDTE, the requirement already imposed by its mobile license. Broadband internet access is becoming more readily available in Russia, and as a result the internet is growing as an avenue for Russian commerce, with 42% of internet users in Russia shopping online, and 38% using online banking services.
About a third of Russians (30%) speak English to one degree or another: 20% can read and translate using a dictionary, 75% are familiar with colloquial language, and 3% are fluent speakers, according to Romir Research Holding.
Only 16% of respondents claimed to speak English in 2003, and 3% of them were presumably fluent speakers, the experts said.
"English was the main contributor to the rise in the knowledge of foreign languages. The percentage of persons who speak English is higher amongst people aged from 18 to 24 and lower in older groups. Most Russians who speak English one way or another live in the northwest," Romir said.
One of the best ways to make your trip to Russia (or anywhere, really) easier is to learn some Russian words and phrases before you go. If you want to travel in Russia longer, go to remote regions, or just get to know the country & culture better, I would suggest learning the alphabet and taking some additional Russian language lessons.
Education in Russia is provided predominantly by the state and is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Science. Regional authorities regulate education within their jurisdictions within the prevailing framework of federal laws.
Russia has one of the best mass-education systems in the world, producing a literacy rate of 98% (higher than most Western European countries). The system consists of obligatory basic education and higher education.
Education in Russia is compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 15. It consists of primary school education for ages 6-10, followed by senior school for ages 10-15. If a pupil of secondary school wishes to go on in higher education, he or she must remain to complete secondary school for 2 more years, from ages 15-17.
Primary and secondary school includes 11 years of study. Every school has a core curriculum of academic subjects. After completing this stage, pupils are awarded the Attestat o Srednem (Polnom) Obshchem Obrazovanii (Certificate of Secondary Complete General Education).
At 15 years old, children may choose to enter a vocational school or non-university institute. These typically offer programmes of academic subjects and a programme of training in a technical field until students reach 17 or 18. Such institutions used to be called technikum but now most of them are known as colleges.
After finishing senior secondary school, students can go on to higher education. All applicants must take a competitive exam. Most higher education programmes in Russia offer 5 years of study for undergraduates in a variety of fields.
There are several types of higher education institutions. These are Universitet (University), Academia (Academy), Institut (Institute), Technicheskiy Universitet (Technical University), and Konservatoria (Conservatory).
Universities, academies and institutes have similar functions. Technical universities offer specialized instruction such as learning a skill, and conservatories offer lessons in music.
Higher education is provided by public and non-public (non-State) accredited institutions. In public institutions students must pass competitive exams to be admitted. Those few who achieve outstanding results are awarded scholarships.
Higher education in Russia consists of 3 levels: incomplete (2 years); basic (4 years) and postgraduate (at least 5-6 years).
Russian Medical study is considered its standard one most advanced one. It is sophisticated in the world as every medical university is well equipped and teaching methods are regulated and stream lined providing for an extensive development of students in chosen specialties.
Russia has proven prowess in fields like aviation, engineering, aerospace and medicine. The language barrier diminished Russia’s attractiveness as a destination for higher education in the past, but now many Russian universities are offering courses in English, especially in fields like medicine.
The Russian Universities, traditionally occupy leading position in the world. Many of the medical Universities find a place in the World Health Organization (WHO)’s “Directory of World Medical Schools”. This listing make a student graduating from such University eligible to appear for many of the screening tests like the USMLE, PLAB and also the newly introduced “Screening examination” conducted by the National Board Of Examinations, India, under the directive of the Medical Council of India.
The Dentistry Profession
Dentistry as a sector of the Russian healthcare industry has grown to become possibly the most advanced and potent aspect of the Russian medical market. The Russian dental industry is widely privatized. There is minimal government-funded dental care treatment. State dental clinics, which deliver a limited amount of free dental services, obtain payment for them either from Mandatory Medical Insurance Funds or Voluntary Medical Insurance Programs. Private dental clinics or fee-for-service departments in state dental clinics, which supply the largest majority of dentistry services in the larger cities and urban areas, charge patients directly. With disposable incomes growing in Russia intensively, dentistry is starting to become an important emphasis not only for high-income, but additionally for middle-income and low middle-income groups. The Russian dental market possesses huge potential. The numbers of clinics, practicing dentists, technicians and patient visits are rather high. There are more than 89,000 dentists and more than 22,000 technicians who operate in state dental clinics and more than 21,000 dentists and more than 13,000 technicians who are employed in private dental clinics.
The dental market is amongst the most highly regulated and structured marketplaces in Russia. Professional dental industry associations play a significant role in controlling and developing the Dentist technology market across Russia. The Russian Dental Association has 69 regional divisions. Dental Industry Association (RDI – ROSI) was established in the year 2000 with 50 members.
Getting There for Dental Care
By Air: You can fly to Moscow's Domodedovo International Airport (DME) and St. Petersburg's St. Pete–Clearwater International Airport (PIE) from most major airports. Getting to other Russian cities is not always as easy; however, even if there isn’t a direct flight from your closest airport (like, for example, to Murmansk), you can usually fly to Moscow and from there take a connecting flight. If you are going to do this, however, don’t forget to check the airports you are flying from – getting from one to another in Moscow can be difficult.
Hint: If you are going to be traveling through Europe anyway, don’t forget to check out small local airlines such as Germanwings - Eurowings and Rossiya Airlines, which sometimes have very cheap flights to Russia. You can also consider the following options if you are on a budget: by Train: Two trains (one day train and one overnight) run from Vilnius, Lithuania to St. Petersburg. You can also catch a train to St. Petersburg from Helsinki, Finland. You can get to Moscow by train from Riga, Latvia. Within Russia, you can (and should, unless you’re very tight on time) travel anywhere by train. If you’re going to Siberia in the east, you may even have no other choice, as flights can be rare and prohibitively expensive. By Bus: From Riga (Latvia), you can take a cheap bus to St. Petersburg. It takes about 11 hours.
The largest country in the world, Russia offers a broad array of travel experiences, from treks up the slopes of glacier-capped mountains of Valley of Geysers and Mount Elbrus to strolls along the shoreline of Earth’s oldest lake the Lake Baikal. Historical sites and cultural activities in the country’s great cities abound as well. Whether you’re exploring the grounds of Moscow’s Kremlin, Hermitage Museum and Saint Basil's Cathedral or wandering through the steppes of Mongolia, a visit to Russia is an adventure not soon forgotten.