Country Profile – Costa Rica
Costa Rica is on the land bridge between North and South America, with Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the southeast. The Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Seaaddstunning coastlines to a country already rich in natural resources. The decision to abolish the army in 1949 released funds that contributed to it becoming the top Latin-American country in terms of human development. The heterogeneous population of 4.5 million benefits from a constitutional democracy, governed by a president and a single-chamber parliament.
Rugged mountain ranges separate the coastal plains to east and west. These include over a hundred volcanic cones of which several are still active. The territory also includes several islands. A quarter of the landmass forms part of a natural conservation system. Although Costa Rica lies within the tropics, it has varying microclimates according to elevation and topography. The summer dry season lasts from December through to April, followed by a moist period for the rest of the year.
The small indigenous population lives mainly in secluded reservations along the central spine. The balance – primarily white and mixed Spanish-Amerindian – has settled along the coastal plain and in the cities. The official and primary language is Costa Rican Spanish. In the highlands, patches of several thousand people use traditional dialects.Ten per cent of the population speaks English. Along the Caribbean coastline, the Creole-English Jamaican Patois is common.
There are close to 1.5 million landline connections and two-thirds as many cellphones. These connect internationally via the Central American microwave system, two satellite earth stations, two Intelsat, and two submarine cables. Although state companies largely control internet and broadband, cable modem services are often private.
The literacy rate of 95% is one of the highest in the subcontinent, owing to primary and high schools serving almost every community. The initial education phase is mandatory, while both are free. There are six primary years leading to a further three at junior-secondary level. After that,students specialize for two to three more years. The school program completes with a Costa Rican Bachillerato Diploma in arts or science.
The National Training Institute administers the vocational stream. Programs include agriculture& technology, arts and crafts, commerce & services, electrical, food industry, graphic arts, marine & fishery, materials technology, metalwork, textiles, tourism and vehicle mechanics. In the cities, students attend technical training centers, while in the hinterland they rely on libraries and remote study.
There are four state universities, including University of Costa Rica, National University, Costa Rican Institute of Technology, and Distance State University. All are extensive, compared to smaller private ones.
The University of Costa Rica in San Pedro Montes de Oca is the oldest and most venerable, having evolved from the University of St Thomas established in 1843. Its faculties include agricultural sciences, arts & letters, basic sciences, engineering, health, and social sciences. It hosts twenty-six research institutes and four agricultural research stations.
The Costa Rica program to supply universal healthcare to citizens and residents finds expression through the Department of Health. The United Nations World Health Organization ranks it in the top twenty in the world, and the best in South America. The Costa Rican Department of Social Insurance manages the public sector. There are also numerous private providers targeting medical tourists.
Costa Rica Dental Industry
The University of Costa Rica (San Pedro), the College of Dental Services (San José), and the Universidad Latina de Costa Rica (San Pedro and Heredia) provide dental training that is equivalent to American standards. The College of Dental Surgeons of Costa Rica has responsibility for regulating their activities.
ThusCosta Rica offers superb opportunities for western dental patients requiring top-class implant, veneer, crown and bridge treatmentsin a country where their currency goes further. Dental Travel Servicesis the premier dental tourism agency. We are poised to facilitate the process for you in , so that everything goes according to your plans.
There are two international airports, namely Juan Santamaria Airport (SJO) in Alajuela, and Daniel Oduber Airport (LIR) in Liberia. These connect to every major center via a network of more than a hundred regional and local aerodromes. There are also Pacific seaports at Puntarena, Quepos and Golfito that connect to ferries and car rental firms.
Costa Rica is the most-visited Central American nation, and receives over two million tourists annually. Some come for dental treatment sandwiched within rejuvenating vacations. The Costa Rican Tourist Board provides a wealth of information regarding leading attractions. You just need to decide whether you require a sun-filled tropical beach, a grand eco-adventure, the sights and sounds of scintillating cultures, or relaxation in almost unimagined comfort in a luxury hotel.
- http://news.co.cr/Costa Ricas-vocational-education-institute-celebrates-47th-anniversary/6608/
- http://www.classbase.com/Countries/Costa Rica/Education-System