Dental Tourism – Serbia

 

Country Profile

Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia, is a sovereign state with a diverse country distinguished by a transitional character, situated along cultural, geographic, climatic and other boundaries. Serbia numbers around 7 million residents, and its capital, Belgrade, ranks among the largest cities in Southeast Europe.

The climate of Serbia is under the influences of the landmass of Eurasia and Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. With mean January temperatures around 0 °C (32 °F), and mean July temperatures of 22 °C (72 °F), it can be classified into warm-humid continental or humid subtropical climate. In the north, the climate is more continental, with cold winters, and hot, humid summers along with well distributed rainfall patterns. In the south, summers and autumns are drier, and winters are relatively cold, with heavy inland snowfall in the mountains.  The areas with an altitude of 300 to 500 m (984 to 1,640 ft) have an average annual temperature of around 10.0 °C (50.0 °F), and over 1,000 m (3,281 ft) of altitude around 6.0 °C (42.8 °F).

Serbia is a country of rich ecosystem and species diversity, its abundance of mountains and rivers make it an ideal environment for a variety of animals, many of which are protected including wolves, lynx, bears, foxes and stags.

National Demographic

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) has a total population of 7,186,862 and the overall population density is medium as it stands at 92.8 inhabitants per square kilometer. Serbs with 5,988,150 are the largest ethnic group in Serbia, representing 83% of the total population (excluding Kosovo). Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority in Serbia, then Romani, Bosniaks. Other minority groups include Croats, Slovaks, Albanians, Montenegrins, Vlachs, Romanians, Macedonians and Bulgarians. Chinese, are the only significant immigrant minority.

The Constitution of Serbia defines it as a secular state with guaranteed religious freedom. The Serbian Orthodox Church is the largest and traditional church of the country, adherents of which are overwhelmingly Serbs. Other Orthodox Christian communities in Serbia include Montenegrins, Romanians, Vlachs, Macedonians and Bulgarians.

The official language is Serbian, a standardized form of Serbo-Croatian, native to 88% of the population. Serbian is the only European language with active digraphia, using both Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. Serbian Cyrillic is designated in the Constitution as the "official script", compared to Latin's status of "script in official use". Recognized minority languages are: Hungarian, Slovak, Albanian, Romanian, Bulgarian and Rusyn, as well as other standard forms of Serbo-Croatian: Bosnian and Croatian. All these languages are in official use in municipalities or cities where the ethnic minority exceeds 15% of the total population.

Telecommunications

Fixed telephone lines connect 89% of households in Serbia, and with about 9.1 million. The largest mobile operator is Telekom Srbija, followed by Telenor and Vip mobile. Some 64.7% of households have Internet connection, while practically the same percentages (64.2%) are provided with pay television services (i.e. 37% cable television, 16% IPTV, and 11% satellite). Digital television transition has been completed in 2015 with DVB-T2 standard for signal transmission.

ADSL is the main broadband Internet technology available on the retail market, catering for 47% of all subscribers. Cable modems are used by 25% of subscribers, mobile Internet by 19%, and wireless access by 5%. Regarding Internet access at fixed locations, Telekom Srbija, and SBB, holds by far the largest stakes as service providers, the former in the ADSL segment and the latter in the cable distribution segment. In the wholesale market, the liberalization of international interconnections in 2008 enabled direct global Internet access to a larger number of operators, thus dispensing with necessity for the intermediary wholesale services of incumbent operator Telekom Srbija. Regarding wholesale access to end users’ premises, both bit stream and local loop unbundling are available to ADSL providers on the ex-ante regulated markets.

English Literacy

Usually, Serbians speak one (official) language, Serbian language. But, Serbian language can be written in both Cyrillic and Latin script, which is kind of very unique. Good to know is that people from Montenegro, Croatia and Bosnia also speak the same Serbian language, with different dialect. Just like English, Scottish and Irish people for example. How much foreign language beside native Serbian language average Serbian person speaks, well, that's tough question, because answer can be applied to any other individual from any other European country. However, beside native Serbian language, people in Serbia also speak English, Russian, German, French, etc.. It mostly depends on selected primary school. In some parts of Serbia, eastern for example, some variants of Romanian languages are also present, and in western part of Serbia, Hungarian is used as well, just because of the national borders and town/cities nearby, but those are small percent. To sum everything, again - the official is: "Српски. Српски језик." (Serbian. Serbian Language), and each and every person is worth the number of languages it can use in everyday life. That old sentence applies globally on all of us with - no exceptions.

School System

Education in Serbia is divided into preschool (predškolsko), primary school (osnovna škola), secondary school (srednja škola) and higher education (visoko obrazovanje) levels. It is regulated by the Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Serbia.

Education starts in either preschools or elementary schools. Children enroll in elementary schools at the age of seven. Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school. Students have the opportunity to attend gymnasiums and vocational schools for another four years, or to enroll in vocational training for 2 to 3 years. Following the completion of gymnasiums or vocational schools, students have the opportunity to attend university. Elementary and secondary education are also available in languages of recognized minorities in Serbia, where classes are held in Hungarian, Slovak, Albanian, Romanian, Rusyn, Bulgarian as well as Bosnian and Croatian languages.

According to 2011 census, literacy in Serbia stands at 98% of population while computer literacy is at 49% (complete computer literacy is at 34.2%). Same census showed the following levels of education: 16.2% of inhabitants have higher education (10.6% have bachelors or master's degrees, 5.6% have an associate degree), 49% have a secondary education, 20.7% have an elementary education, and 13.7% have not completed elementary education.

Higher Education

In the Republic of Serbia, access to higher education is open to every person who finishes a four-year secondary school. Higher education is divided into three levels.

Higher education in Serbia is provided at universities/faculties and colleges of applied studies and either are public or private.

The higher education system in Serbia offers two types of studies: academic studies realized at universities, and applied studies realized primarily at colleges of applied studies, and occasionally at universities as well.

There are two options concerning students’ fees. “Budget-financed” students have their tuition fees paid by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, but they need to pay administrative and other costs (entrance and application fees when enrolling in a higher education institution, fees for issuing diploma and diploma supplement, obligatory payments for exams (in certain cases applicable only to self-financing students), issuing certificates - of student’s status, of passed exams etc.).

The academic calendars are determined each year at institutional level, meaning that higher education institutions may have different calendars during the same academic year. The teaching part of an academic year consists of two semesters.

Higher education institutions determine the dates and the number of examination periods during the academic year, usually 4 to 6 periods, at the end of each semester and prior to the end of the academic year, after summer holidays.

Medical Education

Faculties (fakultet) of universities (univerzitet) and art academies (akademija umetnosti) last for 4 years until baccalaureate, 5 years until magistracy and 8 years until doctorate. Only exception is the Medical schools, lasting for 6 years until Doctor of Medicine.

In the field of medical science (studies of medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine), integrated courses are organized in the duration of 6 years and carrying a minimum of 360 ECTS. Pharmacy studies also offer integrated courses that carry 300 ECTS.

The Dentistry Profession

Regular visits to the dentist are a mandatory part of the oral health care, and when you do not notice the signs of oral diseases. Only a dentist has the knowledge and expertise to evaluate the state of your oral health. Your dentist and you are a team that takes care of your oral health. All questions you may have about oral health set your dentist. Talk to your dentist.

Which dentist you choose whom you will entrust the care of your oral health, is your personal decision. Your dentist will talk of it you will learn; the dentist will feel comfortable and safe.

You may find some of these tips to help you decide: Recommendation, Referral, List of dental offices, Dental Serbian Chamber of Commerce.

Each member of the dental team plays an important role in a well-functioning dental practice and expertise and knowledge to do their job.

Dentist - In specialized teachings and practices have your dentist make it the only one who can examine your teeth and mouth and diagnose problems that can threaten the health of your teeth and mouth and even the state of your general health.

Your dentist has the knowledge and expertise to Reviewing diagnose the state of your oral health; Propose and perform the necessary dental interventions with your consent and consultation with you in terms of the circumstances that allow for intervention; It helps you in understanding the importance of oral health and its preservation for life; Provides advice and recommendations about the behavior after any dental intervention.

Getting There for Dental Care

Serbia can be reached by land, air and the Danube River. Belgrade's Tesla Nikola Airport (IATA: BEG, ICAO: LYBE) handles most international flights. The airport website has a full list of airlines servicing Serbia. In the south, Niš Constantine The Great Airport (IATA: INI, ICAO: LYNI) links Niš with countries including Italy, Germany, Slovakia and the Netherlands. Serbia's national carrier is Air Serbia. It code-shares with airlines including Ethihad Airways, Aeroflot, Alitalia and KLM.

By Land, You can easily enter Serbia by land from Montenegro, Croatia, BiH, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary; coming in via Kosovo can present difficulties. Bus services to both Western Europe and Turkey are well developed. When crossing borders, officers will usually board the bus, take everyone's passports then return them after processing them; passengers wait in their seats. International rail connections leaving Serbia originate in Belgrade. Heading north and west, most call in at Novi Sad and Subotica. Heading east, they go via Niš. At border stops, officials will board the train and stamp your passport and check for relevant visas. Several trips from Serbia offer stunning slices of scenery, such as the route to bar on the Montenegrin coast. For more information, visit Serbian Railways.

If travelling to Serbia via Italy, several ferry companies make the crossing including Montenegro Lines which goes from Bari or Ancona to Bar, and Jadrolinija which runs services from Bari to Dubrovnik, Ancona to Split, and Ancona to Zadar.

Visitor Highlights

Serbia is home to a wide range of museums, national parks, nightlife destinations and architectural sights. Rich in history and beauty, Serbia is now becoming a popular tourist destination. In Belgrade, her capital and major city center, there is plenty of things to do to satisfy any age or taste, whether it is having a meal at an open air café before visiting a museum or checking out local artists working at the many exquisite galleries, both indoors and out, to be found throughout the country.

Novi Sad is another of Serbia's elegant cities, set away from Belgrade and offering visitors a little known 'pearl in the rough'. Picture perfect and set overlooking the famous Danube, this city also has plenty to offer including galleries, theatres and cultural centerpieces and landmarks. Known as the 'Serbian Athens', Novi Sad is the second largest city in the country of Serbia. 

With its old world history, those interested in relics from hundreds of years ago will enjoy visiting the Ottoman sights of Nis, the third largest city in Serbia. Roman ruins and the Skull Tower, an ancient Turkish fortress, is just some of the historical features to be found, and enjoyed in Serbia, as well as the city of Nis.

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbia

http://www.seelegal.org/upload/documents/Serbia%20montenegro/Telecommunications_BDK.pdf

https://www.quora.com/How-many-languages-do-Serbians-typically-know-how-to-speak

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Serbia

http://supporthere.org/page/higher-education-system-republic-serbia

https://www.premedicine-berlin.de/medical-studies-in-serbia/?lang=en

http://www.placidway.com/country/29/Serbia-Medical-Tourism

http://www.travelserbia.info/getthere-overview.php

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/serbia/transport/getting-there-away

http://www.worldtravelguide.net/serbia/travel-by

http://negaizdravlje.stomkoms.rs/cr/articles/poseta-stomatologu/

Tags: dentist, dental tourism, serbia